X-ray microanalysis of airway surface liquid collected in cystic fibrosis mice.
Zahm, J.-M., Baconnais, S., Davidson, D. J., Webb, S., Dorin, J. R., Bonnet, N., Balossier, G., and Puchelle, E.
Am. J. Physiol. (Lung Cell. Mol. Physiol.) (20011) 281; L309-L313 PubMed
The airway surface liquid (ASL) that lines the airway surface epithelium plays a major role in airway antibacterial defense and mucociliary transport efficiency, two key factors in cystic fibrosis (CF) disease. A major difficulty is to collect ASL in native conditions without stimulation or alteration of the underlying airway epithelium. Using a cryoprobe specifically adapted to collect native ASL from the tracheal mouse surface, we analyzed by X-ray microanalysis the complete ASL and plasma ion content in Cftr(tm1Hgu)/Cftr(tm1Hgu) mice compared with that in control littermates. ASL ion content from eight Cftr(tm1Hgu)/Cftr(tm1Hgu) mice and eight control littermates did not appear significantly different. The mean (+/-SE) concentrations were 2,352 +/- 367 and 2,058 +/- 401 mmol/kg dry weight for Na, 1,659 +/- 272 and 1,448 +/- 281 mmol/kg dry weight for Cl, 357 +/- 57 and 337 +/- 38 mmol/kg dry weight for S, 1,066 +/- 220 and 787 +/- 182 mmol/kg dry weight for K, 400 +/- 82 and 301 +/- 58 mmol/kg dry weight for Ca, 105 +/- 31 and 105 +/- 20 mmol/kg dry weight for Mg, 33 +/- 15 and 29 +/- 9 mmol/kg dry weight for P in non-CF and CF mice, respectively. This cryotechnique appears to be a promising technique for analyzing the complete elemental composition of native ASL in CF and non-CF tissues. PMID:11435203